Practice Doesn’t Always Make Perfect

Date:24-05-2013 07:50:06 read:3

Video game break?

Want to be a great musician, but progress is coming slowly? You might want to use those 10,000 hours in other ways. Practice alone isn’t enough to make you a prodigy, finds a new study in the journal Intelligence.

Researchers reviewed studies that tracked the time chess players and musicians practiced along with career success. The results: Practice accounted for just 34 percent of the rank of a master chess player, and only around 30 percent of the difference between rankings of musicians. Instead, researchers found that other factors—natural ability, intelligence, and the age you start taking up an activity—matter more than logging countless hours (the 10,000 hours were the amount of practice needed to master a complex task, according tooutliees published  Malcolm Gladwell’s 2008 best-seller Outliers).

The good news: While you can’t change innate ability or go back in time to start shooting hoops earlier, working memory may be one of the biggest contributors to your success, says lead study author, Zach Hambrick, Ph.D. Working memory dictates how much info you can hold in your mind while working on a task, allowing you to stay focused.

Want to sharpen yours? Play Bejeweled. In a recent study in PLoS ONE, people’s scores on working memory tests jumped as much as 40 percent after playing 4 weeks of phone-based games for an hour a day.

    Ever For Health Copy Rights 2013