5 Things to Know About Affirmative Action in USA

Date:08-05-2014 12:20:06 read:2
Category:Life Style-->Cereer

Affirmative action in its various avatars can be found in many countries. In the Unites States, it refers to equal opportunity in employment that Federal contractors and subcontractors are required to adopt legally. The whole idea of affirmative action is to prevent discrimination against employees or applicants on the basis of “color, religion, sex, or national origin when they are applying for a job. Examples of affirmative action offered by the United States Department of Labor include outreach campaigns, targeted recruitment, employee and management development, and employee support programs. Although it was started with good intentions and intends to do well, there is a lot of controversy surrounding it with people arguing that it goes against the basic tenets of the constitution. Here are some things to know about affirmative action in the USA.

1. President John.F.Kennedy was the first one to coin the term affirmative action

In 1961, President John F. Kennedy signed Executive Order 10925, ordering that all federally funded projects take affirmative action t provide equal employment to all employee regardless of their race, color and creed. But this was not the first time the term made an appearance. It originally appeared in the Wagner Act of 1935.

2. Affirmative action has been quite controversial when it comes to educational quotas and has been the cause of numerous court cases

Affirmative action in the country has enabled some colleges to have quotas based on points, race and financial powers. But the Supreme Court has come down hard on the point system and colleges no longer have a point system for specific races. Many consider that affirmative action is being misused by many colleges.

3. Some states such in the US actively prohibit affirmative action.

The states are California (Proposition 209), Washington (Initiative 200), Michigan (Michigan Civil Rights Initiative), and Nebraska (Nebraska Civil Rights Initiative).

4. Studies claim that affirmative action in some cases do not serve as an advantage but rather as a disadvantage for minority students

Studies have also found out that it is difficult for Asian Americans to get into college as compared to white Americans, Hispanic American and African Americans.

5. Some critics also argue that affirmative action is counterproductive

They say it is counterproductive as it needs discrimination to be enacted or to survive. It also runs the risk of letting in students who aren’t capable enough to be in top colleges and set them up for eventual failure. It also discourages other students from really competing and feeling a sense of achievement when they have got in.

Affirmative action has been controversial and has been claimed to lead to racial discrimination. A lot of people have argued that it should be class based and not race based. However in spite of the various arguments, the law still goes strong when it comes to affirmative action.

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